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Location: Bekasi, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

Wednesday, May 5, 2010

Anthurium Gardening

Anthuriums are perennials with creping habitat. The speciality of this flowering plant is its brilliantly coloured foliage in some cultivars along with flowers. Flowers are available in various colours and shades used as cut flowers. Suitable conditions for growing anthuriums and its cultivation practices are given in detail in this article.

The genus Anthurium belongs to the family Araceae. It I falls under two groups viz. foliage and flowering. Although most anthuriums flower, those of the foliage group have large handsome velvety leaves, may bear conspicuous or unattractive flowers, while those in the flowering group have remarkably showy spathes and spadices but less handsome foliage.
Anthuriums are tropical plants of great beauty and are grown either for the showy cut flowers or for their unusually attractive foliage. They are very popular with flower arrangers because of the bold effect and lasting qualities of flowers when cut. These contribute to the elegance and attractiveness which are the pre-requisites for a quality design.

The name anthurium is derived from the Greek' anthos' - flower and 'oura' -tail referring to the spadix. These ever green plants are native to Colombia, Peru, Central and South America, Brazil and Venezuela and have been grown in En gland since the early nineteenth century. Anthurium is one of the Hawaii's principal cut-flower exports. Anthuriums are easy enough to grow provided they are given the right green house conditions.

II. Soil and Climate
The soil and climatic conditions favourable for the growth of anthurium are described here.

A. Soil

The soil for growing anthuriums whether in pot or bed, should be light, well drained and rich in organic matter. Leaf growth and flower production of anthurium is found to be better in gravel than in peat or in a mixture of sphagnum and coniferous forest soil.
The media comprising 1:1 mixture of wood shavings and soil, or 5: 1 mixture of wood shavings and cow manure and tree-fern fibre produce the best plant growth.

A medium containing peat + pinebark + perlite (2 : 2: 1) gives 98.8% top grade flowers and 18% higher flower yield as compared to other media used for growing A. andreanum. It has been suggested a medium containing peat + superphosphate + perlite (equal quantity) for better growth and flowering in this species. Pot cultivation will show that the best substrates are generally those in which the basic component is high peat.

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